The outlines of some key distinctions among the three primary types of green wine.
The U.S. government regulates use of the term “organic,” but “sustainable” and “biodynamic” have no legal definitions. So I’ll start with organic: there are two types of organic listings on wine bottles. Wines can be made from certified organically grown grapes, avoiding any synthetic additives, or, to take it a step further, “organic” wines are made from organically grown grapes, and are also made without any added sulfites (though naturally occurring sulfites will still be present).
Biodynamic is similar to organic farming in that both take place without chemicals, but biodynamic farming incorporates ideas about a vineyard as an ecosystem, and also accounting for things such as astrological influences and lunar cycles. A biodynamic wine means that the grapes are farmed biodynamically, and that the winemaker did not make the wine with any common manipulations such as yeast additions or acidity adjustments. A wine “made from biodynamic grapes” means that a vintner used biodynamically grown grapes, but followed a less strict list of rules in winemaking.
Sustainability refers to a range of practices that are not only ecologically sound, but also economically viable and socially responsible. (Sustainable farmers may farm largely organically or biodynamically but have flexibility to choose what works best for their individual property; they may also focus on energy and water conservation, use of renewable resources and other issues.) Some third-party agencies offer sustainability certifications, and many regional industry associations are working on developing clearer standards.
If you’d like to know if a wine falls into any of these categories, check out the label. Here you’ll find a lot of clues—various trademarked symbols and logos are used, and if a winery is going to adhere to these practices, they’re likely to want you to know about it. You can also check out a winery’s website, which usually goes into details about how a wine was grown and made.
Our favorite organic, biodynamic and sustainable wines:
Peppery and spicy with plenty of berry fruit (cherries and raspberries) intertwined with dusty, loamy soil, incense, and a Provencal garrigue-like note jump from the glass of this impressive wine. more
A crisp, fresh Sauvignon Blanc created in the classic Honig style. Peach, lemon grass, hints of jasmine and pea shoot are balanced by grapefruit and lime. Medium bodied, with a bright, lingering finish. Enjoyable with ... more
This Cabernet offers aromas of bright cherry, currant, and raspberry with notes of toasted oak and vanilla. In the glass, you will find flavors of cherry and currant and a lingering and thoughtful finish. Good ... more
Color: Straw yellow. Bouquet: Aromas of citrus, tropical fruits and floral notes. Flavor: Fresh and enjoyable; balanced for everyday drinking. Pairings: A pleasant aperitif; pairs well with seafood dishes and grilled fish. more
Fruit-forward, with flavors of raspberries, cherries, mulberries, cranberries, pomegranates and persimmon, balanced with savory notes. Oak adds just a touch of smoky wood. Racy acidity and a saline character that's classic in Monterey wines. more
The 2013 Malbec showcases a nose of fresh raspberry and blackberry followed by a juicy palate of dark fruit, spice, ripe acidity and a soft finish. more